A giant Ly$\alpha$ nebula and a small-scale clumpy outflow in the system of the exotic quasar J0952+0114 unveiled by MUSE Article - 2019

Raffaella Anna Marino, Sebastiano Cantalupo, Gabriele Pezzulli, Simon J. Lilly, Sofia Gallego, Ruari Mackenzie, Jorryt Matthee, Jarle Brinchmann, Nicolas Bouché, Anna Feltre, Sowgat Muzahid, Ilane Schroetter, Sean D. Johnson, Themiya Nanayakkara

Raffaella Anna Marino, Sebastiano Cantalupo, Gabriele Pezzulli, Simon J. Lilly, Sofia Gallego, Ruari Mackenzie, Jorryt Matthee, Jarle Brinchmann, Nicolas Bouché, Anna Feltre, Sowgat Muzahid, Ilane Schroetter, Sean D. Johnson, Themiya Nanayakkara, « A giant Ly$\alpha$ nebula and a small-scale clumpy outflow in the system of the exotic quasar J0952+0114 unveiled by MUSE  », Astrophys.J., 2019, p. 47

Abstract

The well-known quasar SDSS J095253.83+011421.9 (J0952+0114) at z=3.02 has one of the most peculiar spectra discovered so far, showing the presence of narrow Ly$\alpha$ and broad metal emission lines. Although recent studies have suggested that a Proximate Damped Ly$\alpha$ system (PDLA) causes this peculiar spectrum, the origin of the gas associated with the PDLA is unknown. Here we report the results of MUSE observations that reveal a new giant ($\approx$ 100 physical kpc) Lyman $\alpha$ nebula. The detailed analysis of the Ly$\alpha$ velocity, velocity dispersion, and surface brightness profiles suggests that the J0952+0114 Ly$\alpha$ nebula shares similar properties of other QSO nebulae previously detected with MUSE, implying that the PDLA in J0952+0144 is covering only a small fraction of the QSO emission solid angle. We also detected bright and spectrally narrow CIV$\lambda$1550 and HeII$\lambda$1640 extended emission around J0952+0114 with velocity centroids similar to the peak of the extended and central narrow Ly$\alpha$ emission. The presence of a peculiarly bright, unresolved, and relatively broad HeII$\lambda$1640 emission in the central region at exactly the same PDLA redshift hints at the possibility that the PDLA originates in a clumpy outflow with a bulk velocity of about 500 km/s. The smaller velocity dispersion of the large scale Ly$\alpha$ emission suggests that the high-speed outflow is confined to the central region. Lastly, the derived spatially resolved HeII/Ly$\alpha$ and CIV/Ly$\alpha$ maps show a positive gradient with the distance to the QSO hinting at a non-homogeneous ionization parameter distribution.

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