An Erwinia amylovora inducible promoter for improvement of apple fire blight resistance Article - Avril 2022

Matthieu Gaucher, Laura Righetti, Sébastien Aubourg, Thomas Dugé de Bernonville, Marie-Noëlle Brisset, Elisabeth Chevreau, Emilie Vergne

Matthieu Gaucher, Laura Righetti, Sébastien Aubourg, Thomas Dugé de Bernonville, Marie-Noëlle Brisset, Elisabeth Chevreau, Emilie Vergne, « An Erwinia amylovora inducible promoter for improvement of apple fire blight resistance  », Plant Cell Reports, avril 2022, Early Access. ISSN 0721-7714

Abstract

Abstract Key message pPPO16, the first Ea-inducible promoter cloned from apple, can be a useful component of intragenic strategies to create fire blight resistant apple genotypes. Abstract Intragenesis is an important alternative to transgenesis to produce modified plants containing native DNA only. A key point to develop such a strategy is the availability of regulatory sequences controlling the expression of the gene of interest. With the aim of finding apple gene promoters either inducible by the fire blight pathogen Erwinia amylovora ( Ea ) or moderately constitutive, we focused on polyphenoloxidase genes ( PPO ). These genes encode oxidative enzymes involved in many physiological processes and have been previously shown to be upregulated during the Ea infection process. We found ten PPO and two PPO-like sequences in the apple genome and characterized the promoters of MdPPO16 ( pPPO16 ) and MdKFDV02 PPO -like ( pKFDV02 ) for their potential as Ea -inducible and low-constitutive regulatory sequences, respectively. Expression levels of reporter genes fused to these promoters and transiently or stably expressed in apple were quantified after various treatments. Unlike pKFDV02 which displayed a variable activity, pPPO16 allowed a fast and strong expression of transgenes in apple following Ea infection in a Type 3 Secretion System dependent manner. Altogether our results does not confirmed pKFDV02 as a constitutive and weak promoter whereas pPPO16 , the first Ea -inducible promoter cloned from apple, can be a useful component of intragenic strategies to create fire blight resistant apple genotypes.

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