Automated segmentation of macular layers in OCT images and quantitative evaluation of performances Article - Août 2011

Itebeddine Ghorbel, Florence Rossant, Isabelle Bloch, Sarah Tick, Michel Paques

Itebeddine Ghorbel, Florence Rossant, Isabelle Bloch, Sarah Tick, Michel Paques, « Automated segmentation of macular layers in OCT images and quantitative evaluation of performances  », Pattern Recognition, août 2011. ISSN 0031-3203

Abstract

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) allows high-resolution and noninvasive imaging of the structure of the retina in humans. This technique revolutionized the diagnosis of retinal diseases in routine clinical practice. Nevertheless, quantitative analysis of OCT scans is yet limited to retinal thickness measurements. We propose a novel automated method for the segmentation of eight retinal layers in these images. Our approach is based on global segmentation algorithms, such as active contours and Markov random fields. Moreover, a Kalman filter is designed in order to model the approximate parallelism between the photoreceptor segments and detect them. The performance of the algorithm was tested on a set of retinal images acquired in-vivo from healthy subjects. Results have been compared with manual segmentations performed by five different experts, and intra and inter-physician variability has been evaluated as well. These comparisons have been carried out directly via the computation of the root mean squared error between the segmented interfaces, region-oriented analysis, and retrospectively on the thickness measures derived from the segmentations. This study was performed on a large database including more than seven hundred images acquired from more than one hundred healthy subjects.

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