Bacteriocin Production Correlates with Epidemiological Prevalence of Phylotype I Sequevar 18 Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum in Madagascar Article - 2023

Hasina Rasoamanana, Santatra Ravelomanantsoa, Marie-Véronique Nomenjanahary, Miharisoa-Mirana Gauche, Philippe Prior, Fabien Guérin, Isabelle Robène, Yann Pecrix, Stéphane Poussier

Hasina Rasoamanana, Santatra Ravelomanantsoa, Marie-Véronique Nomenjanahary, Miharisoa-Mirana Gauche, Philippe Prior, Fabien Guérin, Isabelle Robène, Yann Pecrix, Stéphane Poussier, « Bacteriocin Production Correlates with Epidemiological Prevalence of Phylotype I Sequevar 18 Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum in Madagascar  », Applied and Environmental Microbiology, à paraître. ISSN 0099-2240. 〈https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/aem.01632-22〉

Abstract

Bacterial wilt caused by the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex (RSSC) is a major threat to vegetable crops in Madagascar. For more effective disease management, surveys were carried out in the main vegetable production areas of the country, leading to the collection of 401 new RSSC isolates. Phylogenetic assignment of the isolates revealed a high prevalence of phylotype I sequevar 18. This result contrasts sharply with the epidemiological pattern of RSSC in neighboring islands, including Reunion Island, Comoros, Mayotte, Mauritius, Rodrigues, and the Seychelles, where phylotype I sequevar 31 is widespread. Molecular typing characterization of the Malagasy isolates allowed the identification of 96 haplotypes. Some are found in various plots located in different provinces, which suggests that they were probably disseminated via infected plant material. To find out a potential explanation for the observed epidemiological pattern, we examined the capacity of the Malagasy strains to produce bacteriocin. Interestingly, the highly prevalent genetic lineages I-18 produce bacteriocins that are active against all the genetic lineages present in the country. This work sheds light on the potential impact of bacteriocins in the epidemiology of Malagasy RSSC. IMPORTANCE Knowledge of the epidemiology of a plant pathogen is essential to develop effective control strategies. This study focuses on the epidemiological pattern of Ralstonia pseudosolanacearum phylotype I populations responsible for bacterial wilt in Madagascar. We identified, with the newly collected isolates in three provinces, four genetic lineages probably propagated via infected plant material in Madagascar. We revealed that the epidemiological situation in Madagascar contrasts with that of neighboring Indian Ocean islands. Interestingly, our study on the bacteriocin-producing capacity of Malagasy isolates revealed a correlation between the inhibitory activity of the producing strains and the observed epidemiology. These results suggested that the epidemiology of plant pathogens may be impacted by bacteriocin production.

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