Bridging the Gap between Research and the Community : Implementing Physical and Cognitive Interventions to Improve Spontaneous Walking Speed in Older Adults Article - Janvier 2023

Kristell Pothier, Navin Kaushal, Tudor Vrinceanu, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bailly, Francis Comte, Thien Vu, Nicolas Berryman, Louis Bherer

Luc Robène
Kristell Pothier, Navin Kaushal, Tudor Vrinceanu, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bailly, Francis Comte, Thien Vu, Nicolas Berryman, Louis Bherer, « Bridging the Gap between Research and the Community : Implementing Physical and Cognitive Interventions to Improve Spontaneous Walking Speed in Older Adults  », International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, janvier 2023, p. 762. ISSN 1661-7827

Abstract

The application of interventions to enhance mobility in ecological settings remain understudied. This study was developed to evaluate the feasibility of training methods in a community centre and to evaluate their impact on mobility outcomes. Fifty-four participants were randomized to one of three 12-week training programs (three times/week) : aerobic (AE), gross motor abilities (GMA) or cognitive (COG). Feasibility was evaluated by calculating adherence, feedback from participants and long-term participation. The impact of these interventions on mobility was assessed by comparing pre- and post-program on Timed-up-and-go (TUG) and spontaneous walking speed (SWS) performances. Results showed relatively high rates of adherence (85.1%) and long-term participation (66.7%), along with favorable feedbacks. SWS significantly improved in COG (0.10 ± 0.11 m.s−1 ; p = 0.004) and AE (0.06 ± 0.11 m.s−1 ; p = 0.017) groups, and TUG performance was maintained in all groups. Results of this feasibility study demonstrated successful implementation of physical and cognitive training programs, encouraging the development of real-world applications.

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