Complementary Strategies to Unlock Biosynthesis Gene Clusters Encoding Secondary Metabolites in the Filamentous Fungus Podospora anserina Article - Janvier 2023

Ling Shen, Catherine Roullier, François-Hugues Porée, Thomas Gaslonde, Ludivine Riffault-Valois, Olivier Grovel, Gwenaël Ruprich-Robert, Florence Chapeland-Leclerc

Ling Shen, Catherine Roullier, François-Hugues Porée, Thomas Gaslonde, Ludivine Riffault-Valois, Olivier Grovel, Gwenaël Ruprich-Robert, Florence Chapeland-Leclerc, « Complementary Strategies to Unlock Biosynthesis Gene Clusters Encoding Secondary Metabolites in the Filamentous Fungus Podospora anserina  », Journal of Fungi, janvier 2023, p. 9. ISSN 2309-608X

Abstract

The coprophilous ascomycete Podospora anserina is known to have a high potential to synthesize a wide array of secondary metabolites (SMs). However, to date, the characterization of SMs in this species, as in other filamentous fungal species, is far less than expected by the functional prediction through genome mining, likely due to the inactivity of most SMs biosynthesis gene clusters (BGCs) under standard conditions. In this work, our main objective was to compare the global strategies usually used to deregulate SM gene clusters in P. anserina, including the variation of culture conditions and the modification of the chromatin state either by genetic manipulation or by chemical treatment, and to show the complementarity of the approaches between them. In this way, we showed that the metabolomics-driven comparative analysis unveils the unexpected diversity of metabolic changes in P. anserina and that the integrated strategies have a mutual complementary effect on the expression of the fungal metabolome. Then, our results demonstrate that metabolite production is significantly influenced by varied cultivation states and epigenetic modifications. We believe that the strategy described in this study will facilitate the discovery of fungal metabolites of interest and will improve the ability to prioritize the production of specific fungal SMs with an optimized treatment.

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