Connectivity of the Cingulate Sulcus Visual Area (CSv) in Macaque Monkeys. Article - Octobre 2020

V de Castro, A Smith, A Beer, C Leguen, N Vayssière, Y Héjja-Brichard, P Audurier, B Cottereau, J.B. Durand

V de Castro, A Smith, A Beer, C Leguen, N Vayssière, Y Héjja-Brichard, P Audurier, B Cottereau, J.B. Durand, « Connectivity of the Cingulate Sulcus Visual Area (CSv) in Macaque Monkeys.  », Cerebral Cortex, octobre 2020. ISSN 1047-3211

Abstract

In humans, the posterior cingulate cortex contains an area sensitive to visual cues to self-motion. This cingulate sulcus visual area (CSv) is structurally and functionally connected with several (multi)sensory and (pre)motor areas recruited during locomotion. In nonhuman primates, electrophysiology has shown that the cingulate cortex is also related to spatial navigation. Recently, functional MRI in macaque monkeys identified a cingulate area with similar visual properties to human CSv. In order to bridge the gap between human and nonhuman primate research, we examined the structural and functional connectivity of putative CSv in three macaque monkeys adopting the same approach as in humans based on diffusion MRI and resting-state functional MRI. The results showed that putative monkey CSv connects with several visuo-vestibular areas (e.g., VIP/FEFsem/VPS/MSTd) as well as somatosensory cortex (e.g., dorsal aspects of areas 3/1/2), all known to process sensory signals that can be triggered by self-motion. Additionally, strong connections are observed with (pre)motor areas located in the dorsal prefrontal cortex (e.g., F3/F2/F1) and within the anterior cingulate cortex (e.g., area 24). This connectivity pattern is strikingly reminiscent of that described for human CSv, suggesting that the sensorimotor control of locomotion relies on similar organizational principles in human and nonhuman primates.

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