Constraining the microlensing effect on time delays with a new time-delay prediction model in $H_0$ measurements Article - 2018

Geoff C.-F. Chen, James H. H. Chan, Vivien Bonvin, Christopher D. Fassnacht, Karina Rojas, Martin Millon, Fred Courbin, Sherry H. Suyu, Kenneth C. Wong, Dominique Sluse, Tommaso Treu, Anowar J. Shajib, Jen-Wei Hsueh, David J. Lagattuta, Leon V.E. Koopmans, Simona Vegetti, John P. Mckean

Geoff C.-F. Chen, James H. H. Chan, Vivien Bonvin, Christopher D. Fassnacht, Karina Rojas, Martin Millon, Fred Courbin, Sherry H. Suyu, Kenneth C. Wong, Dominique Sluse, Tommaso Treu, Anowar J. Shajib, Jen-Wei Hsueh, David J. Lagattuta, Leon V.E. Koopmans, Simona Vegetti, John P. Mckean, « Constraining the microlensing effect on time delays with a new time-delay prediction model in $H_0$ measurements  », Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc., 2018, pp. 1115-1125

Abstract

Time-delay strong lensing provides a unique way to directly measure the Hubble constant (H_0). The precision of the H_0 measurement depends on the uncertainties in the time-delay measurements, the mass distribution of the main deflector(s), and the mass distribution along the line of sight. Tie & Kochanek have proposed a new microlensing effect on time delays based on differential magnification of the coherent accretion disc variability of the lensed quasar. If real, this effect could significantly broaden the uncertainty on the time-delay measurements by up to 30 per cent for lens systems such as PG 1115+080, which have relatively short time delays and monitoring over several different epochs. In this paper we develop a new technique that uses the cosmological time-delay ratios and simulated microlensing maps within a Bayesian framework in order to limit the allowed combinations of microlensing delays and thus to lessen the uncertainties due to the proposed effect. We show that, under the assumption of Tie & Kochanek, the uncertainty on the time-delay distance (DΔt, which is proportional to 1/H0) of the short time-delay (∼18 d) lens, PG 1115+080, increases from ∼7 per cent to ∼10 per cent by simultaneously fitting the three time-delay measurements from the three different data sets across 20 yr, while in the case of the long time-delay (∼90 d) lens, the microlensing effect on time delays is negligible as the uncertainty on DΔt of RXJ 1131−1231 only increases from ∼2.5 per cent to ∼2.6 per cent.

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