Coupled Self-Organized Hydrodynamics and Stokes models for suspensions of active particles Article - 2019

Pierre Degond, Sara Merino-Aceituno, Fabien Vergnet, Hui Yu

Pierre Degond, Sara Merino-Aceituno, Fabien Vergnet, Hui Yu, « Coupled Self-Organized Hydrodynamics and Stokes models for suspensions of active particles  », Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics, 2019, p. 6. ISSN 1422-6928

Abstract

We derive macroscopic dynamics for self-propelled particles in a fluid. The starting point is a coupled Vicsek-Stokes system. The Vicsek model describes self-propelled agents interacting through alignment. It provides a phenomenological description of hydrodynamic interactions between agents at high density. Stokes equations describe a low Reynolds number fluid. These two dynamics are coupled by the interaction between the agents and the fluid. The fluid contributes to rotating the particles through Jeffery’s equation. Particle self-propulsion induces a force dipole on the fluid. After coarse-graining we obtain a coupled Self-Organised Hydrodynamics (SOH)-Stokes system. We perform a linear stability analysis for this system which shows that both pullers and pushers have unstable modes. We conclude by providing extensions of the Vicsek-Stokes model including short-distance repulsion, finite particle inertia and finite Reynolds number fluid regime.

Voir la notice complète sur HAL

Actualités