DNA-Damaging Effectors : New Players in the Effector Arena Article - 2019

Laurent Camborde, Cécile Raynaud, Bernard Dumas, Elodie Gaulin

Laurent Camborde, Cécile Raynaud, Bernard Dumas, Elodie Gaulin, « DNA-Damaging Effectors : New Players in the Effector Arena  », Trends in Plant Science, 2019, pp. 1094-1101. ISSN 1360-1385

Abstract

In animal cells, nuclear DNA is the target of genotoxins produced by bacterial pathogens that cause genomic mutations eventually leading to apoptosis, senescence, and carcinogenic development. In response to the insult, the DNA damage response (DDR) is activated to ensure lesion repair. Accumulation of DNA breaks is also detected in plants during microbial infection. In this opinion article we propose that phytopathogens can produce DNA-damaging effectors. The recent identification of a functional genotoxin in devastating eukaryotic plant pathogens, such as oomycetes, supports the concept that DNA-damaging effectors may contribute to pathogenicity. Additionally, this raises the question of how plants can perceive these damages and whether this perception can be connected to the plant immune system.

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