Effect of parasitism on the pharmacokinetic disposition of ivermectin in lambs Article - 2006

R. Pérez, Charline Palma, I Cabezas, M Araneda, L Rubilar, Roger Alvinerie

R. Pérez, Charline Palma, I Cabezas, M Araneda, L Rubilar, Roger Alvinerie, « Effect of parasitism on the pharmacokinetic disposition of ivermectin in lambs  », Zentralblatt für Veterinärmedizin, 2006, pp. 43-48. ISSN 0931-184X

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of parasitism on plasma availability and pharmacokinetic behaviour of ivermectin (IVM) in lambs. Fourteen greyface Suffolk lambs (26.8 ± 2.2 kg body weight) were selected for this study. Seven pairs of lambs were allocated into two groups in order to obtain an approximately even distribution. Group I (non-parasitized) was pre-treated by three repeated administrations of 5 mg/kg of fenbendazole (Panacur ), in order to maintain a parasite-free condition. The lambs in group II (parasitized) did not receive any anthelmintic treatment and the natural infection was sustained by an oral inoculation of infective stages of nematode parasites. After the 85-day pre-treatment period both groups of animals were treated with IVM (200 lg/kg, Ivomec ) by subcutaneous injection in the shoulder area. Both groups of animals were maintained under similar conditions of feeding and management. Blood samples were collected by jugular puncture at different times between 0.5 h and 25 days post-treatment. After plasma extraction and derivatization, samples were analysed by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. A computerized kinetic analysis was performed and data were compared using the unpaired Student’s t-test. The parent molecule was detected in plasma between 30 min and either 12 (parasitized) or 20 (no parasitized) days post-IVM treatment. The area under the curve values of the parasitized group (75.2 ± 15.5 ng • d/ml) were significantly lower that those observed in the parasite-free group (134.3 ± 15.7 ng • d/ ml). The mean residence time (MRT) of the parasitized group (2.93 ± 0.16 days) was significantly lower than the MRT of healthy group (3.93 ± 0.29 days). The results of this study have shown that a change in body condition followed by a parasitic infection is associated with significant changes in plasma disposition of IVM when it is administered subcutaneously to parasitized lambs. Therefore, variations in the condition induced by parasitism should be considered when these anthelmintics are used for treating parasitized animals.

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