Effects of three pesticides used to control sea lice on the early development of Choromytilus chorus, Sphaerechinus granularis, and Paracentrotus lividus Article - 2018

Sandra Sanhueza-Guevara, Karina Neira-Osses, Claudia Rojas, Anne Marie Geneviere, Camila Fernandez

Sandra Sanhueza-Guevara, Karina Neira-Osses, Claudia Rojas, Anne Marie Geneviere, Camila Fernandez, « Effects of three pesticides used to control sea lice on the early development of Choromytilus chorus, Sphaerechinus granularis, and Paracentrotus lividus  », Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research, 2018, pp. 969-980

Abstract

The high production levels of the Chilean salmon farming industry have resulted in the emergence of several diseases that affect all stages of development of cultured species. The parasitic copepod Caligus rogercresseyi is considered a potential vector of pathologies, and different chemical compounds such as pyrethroids and organophosphates have been used to prevent and control sea lice outbreaks. In this study, the effect of azametiphos, deltamethrin, and emamectin benzoate on the larval stages of the mussel Choromytilus chorusand the sea-urchins Sphaerechinus granularis and Paracentrotus lividuswas explored. No effects were found in the final larval development of C. chorus(D larvae). However, the trochophore development seemed accelerated in the presence of pesticides compared to the control larvae. In the case of P. lividus and S. granularis, exposure to all pesticides caused an increase in the rate of abnormal larval development compared to the control.

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