Emotional Response Categorization in Adolescents and Young Adults Article - Août 2019

Caroline Herry, Celia Maintenant, Isabelle Blanchette, Elodie Tricard, Guillaume Gimenes, Valérie Pennequin

Caroline Herry, Celia Maintenant, Isabelle Blanchette, Elodie Tricard, Guillaume Gimenes, Valérie Pennequin, « Emotional Response Categorization in Adolescents and Young Adults  », Psychological Reports, août 2019, pp. 1349-1371. ISSN 0033-2941

Abstract

Categorization is based on cognitive mechanisms allowing the development of internal representations of the environment that guide behavior. This study tests the influence of emotions on categorization in adolescents and young adults. After a mood induction (negative, positive, or neutral), we compared how 68 adolescents aged 13 to 15 and 57 young adults aged 21 to 29 categorized emotional concepts using a lexical emotional categorization task. Participants had to choose which of three associates, of different emotional valence (positive, negative or neutral), was more similar to a target concept. The aim of this study was to determine if adolescents rely on the emotional dimension in categorization more than adults. The results show that the emotional state can influence the cognitive process of categorization in adolescence, particularly in the negative mood.

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