Energy efficiency of MIMO cooperative networks with energy harvesting sensor nodes Article - Avril 2013

Said El Abdellaoui, Youssef Fakhri, Samir Saoudi, Driss Aboutajdine

Said El Abdellaoui, Youssef Fakhri, Samir Saoudi, Driss Aboutajdine, « Energy efficiency of MIMO cooperative networks with energy harvesting sensor nodes  », IJAHUC - International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, avril 2013, pp. 1 - 16. ISSN 1743-8225

Abstract

This paper addresses the maximizing network lifetime problem in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) taking into account the total Symbol Error rate (SER) at destination. Therefore, efficient power management is needed for extend network lifetime. Our approach consists to provide the optimal transmission power using the orthogonal multiple access channels between each sensor. In order to deeply study the properties of our approach, firstly, the simple case is considered ; the information sensed by the source node passes by a single relay before reaching the destination node. Secondly, global case is studied ; the information passes by several relays. We consider, in the previous both cases, that the batteries are nonrechargeable. Thirdly, we spread our work the case where the batteries are rechargeable with unlimited storage capacity. In all three cases, we suppose that Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) is used as a detector, and Amplify and Forward (AF) as a relaying strategy. Simulation results show the viability of our approach which the network lifetime is extended of more than 70.72%when the batteries are non rechargeable and 100.51% when the batteries are rechargeable in comparison with other traditional method.

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