Enhancing brightness of Lambertian light sources with luminescent concentrators : the light extraction issue Article - 2019

T. Gallinelli, A. Barbet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Billeton, S. Chénais, S. Forget

T. Gallinelli, A. Barbet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, T. Billeton, S. Chénais, S. Forget, « Enhancing brightness of Lambertian light sources with luminescent concentrators : the light extraction issue  », Optics Express, 2019, p. 11830. ISSN 1094-4087

Abstract

Luminescent concentrators (LC) enable breaking the limit of geometrical concentration imposed by the brightness theorem. They enable increasing the brightness of Lambertian light sources such as (organic) light-emitting diodes. However, for illumination applications, light emitted in the high-index material needs to be outcoupled to free space, raising important light extraction issues. Supported by an intuitive graphical representation, we propose a simple design for light extraction : a wedged output side facet, breaking the symmetry of the traditional rectangular slab design. Angular emission patterns as well as ray-tracing simulations are reported on Ce:YAG single crystal concentrators cut with different wedge angles, and are compared with devices having flat or roughened exit facets. The wedge output provides a simple and versatile way to simultaneously enhance the extracted power (up to a factor of 2) and the light directivity (radiant intensity increased by up to 2.2.)

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