Human papillomavirus does not play a role in the Barrett esophagus : a French cohort Article - 2017

C. Brochard, A. Ducancelle, A. Pivert, M. Bodin, André Ricard, E. Coron, C. Couffon, N. Dib, D. Luet, N. Musquer, M. Le Rhun, S. Bertrais, S. Michalak, F. Lunel-Fabiani, E. Cesbron-Metivier, F.-X. Caroli Bosc

C. Brochard, A. Ducancelle, A. Pivert, M. Bodin, André Ricard, E. Coron, C. Couffon, N. Dib, D. Luet, N. Musquer, M. Le Rhun, S. Bertrais, S. Michalak, F. Lunel-Fabiani, E. Cesbron-Metivier, F.-X. Caroli Bosc, « Human papillomavirus does not play a role in the Barrett esophagus : a French cohort  », Diseases of the Esophagus, 2017, pp. 1-7. ISSN 1120-8694

Abstract

The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) has been examined but remains unclear. The purpose of the study is to dispute the connection between HPV and BE in a prospective case-control study. Biopsies were performed above and inside the Barrett’s segment for BE patients and in the distal third of the esophagus for control patients for histological interpretation and for virological analysis. Biopsies for virological analysis were placed in a virus transport medium and immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen. Virological analysis involved real-time PCR using the SyBr® green protocol with modified SPF10 general primers. A total of 180 patients (119 control and 61 BE, respectively) were included. In BE patients, 31, 18, and 12 patients had, respectively, no dysplasia, low-grade dysplasia, and high grade dysplasia. Overall, nine were found to be HPV positive : five were control patients and four BE patients. HPV positive status was not associated with BE. No factors were associated with HPV, in particular the degree of BE dysplasia. HPV infection appears unlikely to be significant in the etiology of BE compared with control patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov, Number NCT02549053).

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