Initial Maximum Overlap Method Embedded with Extremely Localized Molecular Orbitals for Core-Ionized States of Large Systems Article - 2023

Giovanni Macetti, Alessandro Genoni

Giovanni Macetti, Alessandro Genoni, « Initial Maximum Overlap Method Embedded with Extremely Localized Molecular Orbitals for Core-Ionized States of Large Systems  », Molecules, 2023, p. 136. ISSN 1420-3049

Abstract

Despite great advances in X-ray absorption spectroscopy for the investigation of small molecule electronic structure, the application to biosystems of experimental techniques developed within this research field remains a challenge. To partially circumvent the problem, users resort to theoretical methods to interpret or predict the X-ray absorption spectra of large molecules. To accomplish this task, only low-cost computational strategies can be exploited. For this reason, some of them are single Slater determinant wavefunction approaches coupled with multiscale embedding techniques designed to treat large systems of biological interest. Therefore, in this work, we propose to apply the recently developed IMOM/ELMO embedding method to the determination of core-ionized states. The IMOM/ELMO technique resulted from the combination of the single Slater determinant Δself-consistent-field-initial maximum overlap approach (ΔSCF-IMOM) with the QM/ELMO (quantum mechanics/extremely localized molecular orbital) embedding strategy, a method where only the chemically relevant region of the examined system is treated at fully quantum chemical level, while the rest is described through transferred and frozen extremely localized molecular orbitals (ELMOs). The IMOM/ELMO technique was initially validated by computing core-ionization energies for small molecules, and it was afterwards exploited to study larger biosystems. The obtained results are in line with those reported in previous studies that applied alternative ΔSCF approaches. This makes us envisage a possible future application of the proposed method to the interpretation of X-ray absorption spectra of large molecules.

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