Interpreting pachyderm single carcass sites in the African Lower and Early Middle Pleistocene record : A multidisciplinary approach to the site of Nadung ?a 4 (Kenya) Article - 2006

Anne Delagnes, Arnaud Lenoble, Sonia Harmand, Jean-Philip Brugal, Sandrine Prat, Jean-Jacques Tiercelin, Hélène Roche

Anne Delagnes, Arnaud Lenoble, Sonia Harmand, Jean-Philip Brugal, Sandrine Prat, Jean-Jacques Tiercelin, Hélène Roche, « Interpreting pachyderm single carcass sites in the African Lower and Early Middle Pleistocene record : A multidisciplinary approach to the site of Nadung ?a 4 (Kenya)  », Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 2006, pp. 448-465. ISSN 0278-4165

Abstract

Nadung’a 4 is one of the single carcass pachyderm sites recorded in East Africa during the Early Middle Pleistocene. The site has yielded an abundant lithic assemblage in close association with the partial carcass of an elephant. Conjoined pedological, geoarchaeological, spatial, technological and taphonomical analyses have been carried out to address the relationship between hominids and elephant. The resulting data are consistent with a non-fortuitous association between both categories of remains. The lithic artefacts do not match a classical Acheulean tool-kit, as would be expected for the time period ascribed to the site. The implications of the these features are discussed.

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