Intraosseous microdialysis for bone free flap monitoring in head and neck reconstructive surgery : A prospective pilot study Article - 2019

Stéphanie Dakpé, Emilien Colin, Jérémie Bettoni, Julien Davrou, Momar Diouf, Bernard Devauchelle, Sylvie Testelin

Stéphanie Dakpé, Emilien Colin, Jérémie Bettoni, Julien Davrou, Momar Diouf, Bernard Devauchelle, Sylvie Testelin, « Intraosseous microdialysis for bone free flap monitoring in head and neck reconstructive surgery : A prospective pilot study  », Microsurgery, à paraître. ISSN 0738-1085

Abstract

Background : Although some researchers have positioned microdialysis catheters in the soft tissue surrounding bone, the results did not accurately reflect bone metabolism. The present study’s objective was to establish the feasibility of microdialysis with a catheter positioned directly in bone. Methods : Thirty‐four patients (19 males, 15 females ; median age : 59) were included in a prospective, nonrandomized clinical trial in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery at Amiens‐Picardie University Hospital (Amiens, France). Fibula or iliac crest free flaps were used in reconstructive head and neck surgery (for cancer, osteoradionecrosis, trauma, or ameloblastoma) and monitored with microdialysis catheters positioned in a hole drilled into the bone. Glucose, lactate, pyruvate, and glycerol concentrations were analyzed for 5 days. Results : All catheters were positioned successfully, and thrombosis did not occur during the monitoring. In two patients, an increase in the lactate concentration and a glucose level close to 0 were associated with signs of flap necrosis, with removal on Days 9 and 50. In viable flaps, the mean glucose level was 2.02 mmol/L, the mean lactate level was 8.36 mmol/L, and the mean lactate/pyruvate ratio was 53. Forty percent of the glucose values were below 1 mmol/L, and 50% of the lactate/pyruvate ratio values were above 50—suggesting a specific metabolic pattern because these values would be considered as alert values in soft tissue. Conclusion : Monitoring bone free flaps with intraosseous microdialysis is feasible. This technique specifically assesses bone viability, and further studies are now necessary to define the alert values in bone.

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