ISOCAM observations of the rho Ophiuchi cloud : Luminosity and mass functions of the pre-main sequence embedded cluster Article - 2001

Sylvain Bontemps, P. Andre, A. A. Kaas, L. Nordh, G. Olofsson, M. Huldtgren, A. Abergel, J. Blommaert, F. Boulanger, M. Burgdorf, C. J. Cesarsky, D. Cesarsky, E. Copet, J. Davies, E. Falgarone, Guilaine Lagache, T. Montmerle, M. Perault, P. Persi, T. Prusti, J. L. Puget, F. Sibille

Sylvain Bontemps, P. Andre, A. A. Kaas, L. Nordh, G. Olofsson, M. Huldtgren, A. Abergel, J. Blommaert, F. Boulanger, M. Burgdorf, C. J. Cesarsky, D. Cesarsky, E. Copet, J. Davies, E. Falgarone, Guilaine Lagache, T. Montmerle, M. Perault, P. Persi, T. Prusti, J. L. Puget, F. Sibille, « ISOCAM observations of the rho Ophiuchi cloud : Luminosity and mass functions of the pre-main sequence embedded cluster  », Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2001, pp. 173-194. ISSN 0004-6361

Abstract

We present the results of the first extensive mid-infrared (IR) imaging survey of the rho Ophiuchi embedded cluster, performed with the ISOCAM camera on board the ISO satellite. The main molecular cloud L1688, as well as L1689N and L1689S, have been completely surveyed for point sources at 6.7 and 14.3 micron. A total of 425 sources are detected including 16 Class I, 123 Class II, and 77 Class III young stellar objects (YSOs). Essentially all of the mid-IR sources coincide with near-IR sources, but a large proportion of them are recognized for the first time as YSOs. Our dual-wavelength survey allows us to identify essentially all the YSOs with IR excess in the embedded cluster down to Fnu 10 - 15 mJy. It more than doubles the known population of Class II YSOs and represents the most complete census to date of newly formed stars in the rho Ophiuchi central region. The stellar luminosity function of the complete sample of Class II YSOs is derived with a good accuracy down to L= 0.03 Lsun. A modeling of this lumino- sity function, using available pre-main sequence tracks and plausible star for- mation histories, allows us to derive the mass distribution of the Class II YSOs which arguably reflects the IMF of the embedded cluster. We estimate that the IMF in rho Ophiuchi is well described by a two-component power law with a low- mass index of -0.35+/-0.25, a high-mass index of -1.7 (to be compared with the Salpeter value of -1.35), and a break occurring at M = 0.55+/-0.25 Msun. This IMF is flat with no evidence for a low-mass cutoff down to at least 0.06 Msun.

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