Knock out of specific maternal vitellogenins in zebrafish (Danio rerio) evokes vital changes in egg proteomic profiles that resemble the phenotype of poor quality eggs Article - Avril 2021

Ozlem Yilmaz, Amelie Patinote, Emmanuelle Com, Charles Pineau, Julien Bobe

Ozlem Yilmaz, Amelie Patinote, Emmanuelle Com, Charles Pineau, Julien Bobe, « Knock out of specific maternal vitellogenins in zebrafish (Danio rerio) evokes vital changes in egg proteomic profiles that resemble the phenotype of poor quality eggs  », BMC Genomics, avril 2021, p. 308. ISSN 1471-2164

Abstract

Background : We previously reported the results of CRISPR/Cas9 knock-out (KO) of type-I and type-III vitellogenins (Vtgs) in zebrafish, which provided the first experimental evidence on essentiality and disparate functioning of Vtgs at different stages during early development. However, the specific contributions of different types of Vtg to major cellular processes remained to be investigated. The present study employed liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to meet this deficit. Proteomic profiles of zebrafish eggs lacking three type-I Vtgs simultaneously (vtg1-KO), or lacking only type III Vtg (vtg3-KO) were compared to those of wild type (Wt) eggs. Obtained spectra were searched against a zebrafish proteome database and identified proteins were quantified based on normalized spectral counts.Results : The vtg-KO caused severe changes in the proteome of 1-cell stage zebrafish eggs. These changes were disclosed by molecular signatures that highly resembled the proteomic phenotype of poor quality zebrafish eggs reported in our prior studies. Proteomic profiles of vtg-KO eggs and perturbations in abundances of hundreds of proteins revealed unique, noncompensable contributions of multiple Vtgs to protein and in energy homeostasis. The lack of this contribution appears to have a significant impact on endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial functions, and thus embryonic development, even after zygotic genome activation. Increased endoplasmic reticulum stress, Redox/Detox activities, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, enrichment in cellular proliferation and in human neurodegenerative disease related activities in both vtg1- and vtg3-KO eggs were found to be indicators of the aforementioned conditions. Distinctive increase in apoptosis and Parkinson disease pathways, as well as the decrease in lipid metabolism related activities in vtg3-KO eggs implies compelling roles of Vtg3, the least abundant form of Vtgs in vertebrate eggs, in mitochondrial activities. Several differentially abundant proteins representing the altered molecular mechanisms have been identified as strong candidate markers for studying the details of these mechanisms during early embryonic development in zebrafish and possibly other vertebrates.Conclusions : These findings indicate that the global egg proteome is subject to extensive modification depending on the presence or absence of specific Vtgs and that these modifications can have a major impact on developmental competence.

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