Bottom Up from the Bottom : A New Outlook on Research Evaluation for the SSH in France Chapitre d’ouvrage - 2016

Geoffrey Williams, Ioana Galleron

Geoffrey Williams, Ioana Galleron, « Bottom Up from the Bottom : A New Outlook on Research Evaluation for the SSH in France  », in Ochsner, Michael, Hug, Sven E., Daniel, Hans-Dieter (Eds.) (ed.), Research Assessment in the Humanities : Towards Criteria and Procedures, 2016, pp. 181 - 198. ISBN 978-3-319-29016-4. 〈http://www.springer.com/in/book/9783319290140〉

Abstract

This paper will start with a presentation of the legal French framework for research evaluation, concentrating on the individual level ; this first part will also summarize the main oppositions to the idea of evaluation, as they are expressed mainly by unions and other researcher associations. In a second move, we will review the main French actors and practices of evaluation, separating the ’traditional’ forms of assessment still in use in the CNU, and the recent evolutions caused by the introduction of a dual financing system (through ANR), of an external evaluation of research units by an independent agency (AERES/HCERES) and by the building of a database in the CNRS. In the light of criticisms that can be formulated about all these practices, we will introduce the projects DisValHum and IMPRESHS, dedicated, respectively, to a study of dissemination strategies in the SSH and to case studies of the impact of the research in the SSH. The third part of the paper will therefore be occupied by a description of our methodology and of a few results.

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