Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Lipid Accumulation in the Human Diaphragm during Mechanical Ventilation Article - 2012

Martin Picard, Boris Jung, Feng Liang, Ilan Azuelos, Sabah Hussain, Peter Goldberg, Richard Godin, Gawiyou Danialou, Rakesh Chaturvedi, Karolina Rygiel, Stefan Matecki, Samir Jaber, Christine Rosiers, George Karpati, Lorenzo Ferri, Yan Burelle, Douglass Turnbull, Tanja Taivassalo, Basil Petrof

Martin Picard, Boris Jung, Feng Liang, Ilan Azuelos, Sabah Hussain, Peter Goldberg, Richard Godin, Gawiyou Danialou, Rakesh Chaturvedi, Karolina Rygiel, Stefan Matecki, Samir Jaber, Christine Rosiers, George Karpati, Lorenzo Ferri, Yan Burelle, Douglass Turnbull, Tanja Taivassalo, Basil Petrof, « Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Lipid Accumulation in the Human Diaphragm during Mechanical Ventilation  », American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2012, p. 1141. ISSN 1073-449X

Abstract

Rationale : Mechanical ventilation (MV) is associated with adverse effects on the diaphragm, but the cellular basis for this phenomenon, referred to as ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction (VIDD), is poorly understood.Objectives : To determine whether mitochondrial function and cellular energy status are disrupted in human diaphragms after MV, and the role of mitochondria-derived oxidative stress in the development of VIDD.Methods : Diaphragm and biceps specimens obtained from brain-dead organ donors who underwent MV (15–176 h) and age-matched control subjects were compared regardingmitochondrial enzymatic function, mitochondrial DNA integrity, lipid content, and metabolic gene and protein expression. In addition, diaphragmatic force and oxidative stress after exposure to MV for 6 hours were evaluated in mice under different conditions.Measurements and Main Results : In humanMV diaphragms,mitochondrial biogenesis and content were down-regulated, with a more specific defect of respiratory chain cytochrome-c oxidase. Laser capture microdissection of cytochrome-c oxidase–deficient fibers revealed mitochondrial DNA deletions, consistent with damage from oxidative stress. Diaphragmatic lipid accumulation and responses of master cellular metabolic sensors (AMP-activated protein kinase

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