Multivariate Statistical Modeling for Multitemporal SAR Change Detection Using Wavelet Transforms and Integrating Subband Dependencies Article - 2022

Nizar Bouhlel, Vahid Akbari, Stephane Meric, David Rousseau

Nizar Bouhlel, Vahid Akbari, Stephane Meric, David Rousseau, « Multivariate Statistical Modeling for Multitemporal SAR Change Detection Using Wavelet Transforms and Integrating Subband Dependencies  », IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2022, pp. 1-18. ISSN 0196-2892

Abstract

In this article, we propose a new method for automatic change detection in multitemporal fully polarimetric synthetic aperture radar (PolSAR) images based on multivariate statistical wavelet subband modeling. The proposed method allows us to consider the correlation structure between subbands by modeling the wavelet coefficients through multivariate probability distributions. Three types of correlation are investigated : interscale, interorientation, and interpolarization dependences. The multivariate generalized Gaussian distribution (MGGD) is used to model the interdependencies between wavelet coefficients at different orientations, scales, and polarizations. Kullback-Leibler similarity measures are computed and used to generate the change map. Simulated and real multilook PolSAR data are employed to assess the performance of the method and are compared to the multivariate Gaussian distribution (MGD)-based method. We show that the information embedded in the correlation between subbands improves the accuracy of the change map, leading to better performance. Moreover, the MGGD represents better the correlations between wavelet coefficients and outperforms the MGD.

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