Regulation of Platelet Production and Life Span : Role of Bcl-xL and Potential Implications for Human Platelet Diseases. Article - 2020

Emma C Josefsson, William Vainchenker, Chloe James

Emma C Josefsson, William Vainchenker, Chloe James, « Regulation of Platelet Production and Life Span : Role of Bcl-xL and Potential Implications for Human Platelet Diseases.  », International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, p. 7591. ISSN 1661-6596

Abstract

Blood platelets have important roles in haemostasis, where they quickly stop bleeding in response to vascular damage. They have also recognised functions in thrombosis, immunity, antimicrobal defense, cancer growth and metastasis, tumour angiogenesis, lymphangiogenesis, inflammatory diseases, wound healing, liver regeneration and neurodegeneration. Their brief life span in circulation is strictly controlled by intrinsic apoptosis, where the prosurvival Bcl-2 family protein, Bcl-xL, has a major role. Blood platelets are produced by large polyploid precursor cells, megakaryocytes, residing mainly in the bone marrow. Together with Mcl-1, Bcl-xL regulates megakaryocyte survival. This review describes megakaryocyte maturation and survival, platelet production, platelet life span and diseases of abnormal platelet number with a focus on the role of Bcl-xL during these processes.

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