Revisiting Primordial Black Hole Evolution Article - 2020

Maxim Khlopov, Biplab Paik, Saibal Ray

Maxim Khlopov, Biplab Paik, Saibal Ray, « Revisiting Primordial Black Hole Evolution  », Axioms, 2020, p. 71


Primordial black holes (PBHs) are the sensitive probe for physics and cosmology of very early Universe. The observable effect of their existence depends on the PBH mass. Mini PBHs evaporate and do not survive to the present time, leaving only background effect of products of their evaporation, while PBHs evaporating now can be new exotic sources of energetic particles and gamma rays in the modern Universe. Here we revisit the history of evolution of mini PBHs. We follow the aspects associated with growth versus evaporation rate of &ldquo ;a mini PBH being trapped inside intense local cosmological matter inhomogeneity&rdquo ;. We show that the existence of baryon accretion forbidden black hole regime enables constraints on mini PBHs with the mass M &le ; 5.5 &times ; 10 13 g. On the other hand, we propose the mechanism of delay of evaporation of primordial population of PBHs of primordial mass range 5.5 &times ; 10 13 g &le ; M &le ; 5.1 &times ; 10 14 g. It can provide their evaporation to be the main contributor to &gamma ; -ray flux distribution in the current Universe. At the final stage of evaporation these PBHs can be the source of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays and gamma radiation challenging probe for their existence in the LHAASO experiment.

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