Shared Bicycles in a City : A Signal Processing and Data Analysis Perspective Article - Juin 2011

Pierre Borgnat, Céline Robardet, Jean-Baptiste Rouquier, Patrice Abry, Eric Fleury, Patrick Flandrin

Pierre Borgnat, Céline Robardet, Jean-Baptiste Rouquier, Patrice Abry, Eric Fleury, Patrick Flandrin, « Shared Bicycles in a City : A Signal Processing and Data Analysis Perspective  », Advances in Complex Systems, juin 2011, pp. 415-438. ISSN 1284-8535

Abstract

Community shared bicycle systems, such as the Vélo’v program launched in Lyon in May 2005, are public transportation programs that can be studied as a complex system composed of interconnected stations that exchange bicycles. They generate digital footprints that reveal the activity in the city over time and space, making possible a quantitative analysis of movements using bicycles in the city. A careful study relying on nonstationary statistical modeling and data mining allows us to first model the time evolution of the dynamics of movements with Vélo’v, that is mostly cyclostationary over the week with nonstationary evolutions over larger time-scales, and second to disentangle the spatial patterns to understand and visualize the flows of Vélo’v bicycles in the city. This study gives insights on the social behaviors of the users of this intermodal transportation system, the objective being to help in designing and planning policy in urban transportation.

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