Short- and medium-term air pollution exposure, plasmatic protein levels and blood pressure in children Article - Mars 2022

Paula de Prado-Bert, Charline Warembourg, Audrius Dedele, B. Heude, Eva Borràs, Eduard Sabidó, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Johanna Lepeule, John Wright, Jose Urquiza, Kristine B Gützkow, Léa Maitre, Leda Chatzi, Maribel Casas, Marina Vafeiadi, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Montserrat de Castro, Regina Grazuleviciene, Rosemary R C Mceachan, Xavier Basagaña, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer, Mariona Bustamante

Paula de Prado-Bert, Charline Warembourg, Audrius Dedele, B. Heude, Eva Borràs, Eduard Sabidó, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Johanna Lepeule, John Wright, Jose Urquiza, Kristine B Gützkow, Léa Maitre, Leda Chatzi, Maribel Casas, Marina Vafeiadi, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Montserrat de Castro, Regina Grazuleviciene, Rosemary R C Mceachan, Xavier Basagaña, Martine Vrijheid, Jordi Sunyer, Mariona Bustamante, « Short- and medium-term air pollution exposure, plasmatic protein levels and blood pressure in children  », Environmental Research, mars 2022, p. 113109. ISSN 0013-9351

Abstract

Exposure to air pollution influences children’s health, however, the biological mechanisms underlying these effects are not completely elucidated. We investigated the association between short- and medium-term outdoor air pollution exposure with protein profiles and their link with blood pressure in 1170 HELIX children aged 6-11 years. Different air pollutants (NO(2), PM(10), PM(2.5), and PM(2.5abs)) were estimated based on residential and school addresses at three different windows of exposure (1-day, 1-week, and 1-year before clinical and molecular assessment). Thirty-six proteins, including adipokines, cytokines, or apolipoproteins, were measured in children’s plasma using Luminex. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were measured following a standardized protocol. We performed an association study for each air pollutant at each location and time window and each outcome, adjusting for potential confounders. After correcting for multiple-testing, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and interleukin 8 (IL8) levels were positively associated with 1-week home exposure to some of the pollutants (NO(2), PM(10), or PM(2.5)). NO(2) 1-week home exposure was also related to higher SBP. The mediation study suggested that HGF could explain 19% of the short-term effect of NO(2) on blood pressure, but other study designs are needed to prove the causal directionality between HGF and blood pressure.

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