Single seed microbiota : assembly and transmission from parent plant to seedling Article - Octobre 2022

Guillaume Chesneau, Béatrice Laroche, Anne Préveaux, Coralie Marais, Martial Briand, Brice Marolleau, Marie Simonin, Matthieu Barret

Guillaume Chesneau, Béatrice Laroche, Anne Préveaux, Coralie Marais, Martial Briand, Brice Marolleau, Marie Simonin, Matthieu Barret, « Single seed microbiota : assembly and transmission from parent plant to seedling  », mBio, octobre 2022, p. 0164822. ISSN 2161-2129

Abstract

The seed acts as the primary inoculum source for the plant microbiota. Understanding the processes involved in its assembly and dynamics during germination and seedling emergence has the potential to allow for the improvement of crop establishment. Changes in the bacterial community structure were tracked in 1,000 individual seeds that were collected throughout seed developments of beans and radishes. Seeds were associated with a dominant bacterial taxon that represented more than 75% of all reads. The identity of this taxon was highly variable between the plants and within the seeds of the same plant. We identified selection as the main ecological process governing the succession of dominant taxa during seed filling and maturation. In a second step, we evaluated the seedling transmission of seed-borne taxa in 160 individual plants. While the initial bacterial abundance on seeds was not a good predictor of seedling transmission, the identities of the seed-borne taxa modified the phenotypes of seedlings. Overall, this work revealed that individual seeds are colonized by a few bacterial taxa of highly variable identity, which appears to be important for the early stages of plant development.

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