Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements in Children with Strabismus and in Children with Vergence Deficits Article - 2013

Cynthia Lions, Emmanuel Bui-Quoc, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher, Magali Seassau, Maria Pia Bucci

Cynthia Lions, Emmanuel Bui-Quoc, Sylvette Wiener-Vacher, Magali Seassau, Maria Pia Bucci, « Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements in Children with Strabismus and in Children with Vergence Deficits  », PLoS ONE, 2013, e83972. ISSN 1932-6203

Abstract

Purpose : The objective of our study was to examine horizontal smooth pursuit performance in strabismic children and in children with vergence deficits, and to compare these data with those recorded in a group of control age-matched children. Methods : Binocular eye movements were recorded by video-oculography in ten strabismic children (mean age : 9.860.8) and seven children with vergence deficits (mean age : 10.860.6). Data were compared to that of age-matched control children (mean age : 9.860.8 years). Results : Catch-up saccades amplitude in strabismic children and in children with vergence deficits were significantly higher than in control age-matched children. Moreover, in strabismic children the amplitude of catch-up saccades was significantly higher in rightward than in leftward direction. The number of catch-up saccades was also significantly higher in rightward than in leftward direction. The gain value of pursuits in rightward direction was significantly higher in the right eye than in the left one ; for the right eye, the gain value was significantly higher in rightward than in leftward direction. Binocular coordination of pursuit was better in control age-matched children than in children with vergence deficits and than in strabismic children. Conclusions : Binocular coordination of pursuit is abnormal in children with vergence deficits and worse in strabismic children. Binocular vision plays an important role in improving binocular coordination of pursuit.

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