Study of the atmospheric refraction in a single mode instrument - Application to AMBER/VLTI Article - 2009

Sylvie Robbe-Dubois, Stephane Lagarde, Yves Bresson, Romain G. Petrov, Marcel Carbillet, Etienne Lecoarer, Frederik Rantakyrö, Isabelle Tallon-Bosc, Martin Vannier, Pierre Antonelli, Gregoire Martinot-Lagarde, Alain Roussel, Daniel Tasso

Sylvie Robbe-Dubois, Stephane Lagarde, Yves Bresson, Romain G. Petrov, Marcel Carbillet, Etienne Lecoarer, Frederik Rantakyrö, Isabelle Tallon-Bosc, Martin Vannier, Pierre Antonelli, Gregoire Martinot-Lagarde, Alain Roussel, Daniel Tasso, « Study of the atmospheric refraction in a single mode instrument - Application to AMBER/VLTI  », Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2009, pp. 991–1004. ISSN 0035-8711

Abstract

This paper presents a study of the atmospheric refraction and its effect on the light coupling efficiency in an instrument using single-mode optical fibers. We show the analytical approach which allowed us to assess the need to correct the refraction in J- and H-bands while observing with an 8-m Unit Telescope. We then developed numerical simulations to go further in calculations. The hypotheses on the instrumental characteristics are those of AMBER (Astronomical Multi BEam combineR), the near infrared focal beam combiner of the Very Large Telescope Interferometric mode (VLTI), but most of the conclusions can be generalized to other single-mode instruments. We used the software package caos (Code for Adaptive Optics Systems) to take into account the atmospheric turbulence effect after correction by the ESO system MACAO (Multi-Application Curvature Adaptive Optics). The opto-mechanical study and design of the system correcting the atmospheric refraction on AMBER is then detailed. We showed that the atmospheric refraction becomes predominant over the atmospheric turbulence for some zenith angles z and spectral conditions : for z larger than 30° in J-band for example. The study of the optical system showed that it allows to achieve the required instrumental performance in terms of throughput in J- and H-bands. First observations in J-band of a bright star, alpha Cir star, at more than 30° from zenith clearly showed the gain to control the atmospheric refraction in a single mode instrument, and validated the operating law.

Voir la notice complète sur HAL

Actualités