Supramolecular electroactive organogel and conducting nanofibers with C3-symmetrical architectures Article - 2009

Ion Danila, François Riobé, Josep Puigmartí-Luis, Ángel Pérez del Pino, John D. Wallis, David B. Amabilino, Narcis Avarvari

Ion Danila, François Riobé, Josep Puigmartí-Luis, Ángel Pérez del Pino, John D. Wallis, David B. Amabilino, Narcis Avarvari, « Supramolecular electroactive organogel and conducting nanofibers with C3-symmetrical architectures  », Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2009, p. 4495. ISSN 0959-9428. 〈http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2009/JM/B822884A# !divAbstract〉

Abstract

Two C3 symmetric tris(TTF) derivatives, based on a central unit containing the rigid core 1,3,5-tricarbonyl-benzene substituted with three 3,3′-diamino-2,2′-bipyridines, have been synthesized by a convergent strategy. Single crystal X-ray analysis of the precursor 3′-[(ethylenedithio-tetrathiafulvalenyl)formylamino]-2,2′-bipyridine-3-amine shows a planar transoid conformation for the bipyridine unit, favored by intramolecular hydrogen bonding. The compound N,N′,N″-tris3[3′-[bis(ethylthio)-tetrathiafulvalenyl]formylamino]-2,2′-bipyridyl-benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxamide, having C3 symmetry, presents gelator properties in chlorinated solvents. The gel formed in ortho-dichlorobenzene provided—after evaporation of the solvent—a xerogel constituted by a complex network of thick and thinner fibers as demonstrated by TEM and AFM microscopies. The thick fibers were about 100 nm wide and between 1 and 5 µm long, and the thinner ones between 12 and 18 nm wide and 50 to 500 nm long. Iodine doping of the material induced the formation of a mixed valence system with charge transfer, as indicated by IR-NIR spectroscopic measurements. The doped material has a TTF:I3 ratio of 2.4:1 ten minutes after doping, but slowly loses iodine over days. The morphology of the gel did not change after the doping process, as revealed by SEM and AFM experiments. Current sensing AFM measurements showed that the thicker fibers are more conducting than the thinner ones, a likely consequence of the better ordering and/or more effective interfiber contacts in the former.

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