The Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Tunisia, France, and Germany : A Systematic Mapping Review of the Different National Strategies Article - Août 2021

Khouloud Laffet, Fatma Haboubi, Noomene Elkadri, Rita Georges Nohra, Monique Rothan-Tondeur

Khouloud Laffet, Fatma Haboubi, Noomene Elkadri, Rita Georges Nohra, Monique Rothan-Tondeur, « The Early Stage of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Tunisia, France, and Germany : A Systematic Mapping Review of the Different National Strategies  », International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, août 2021, p. 8622. ISSN 1661-7827

Abstract

The multitude of national strategies used against the COVID-19 pandemic makes it necessary to review and synthesize them in order to identify potential gaps and shortcomings, and to help prioritize future control efforts. This systematic mapping review is aimed at identifying the coronavirus pandemic management strategies adopted by France, Tunisia, and Germany during the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak. A set of government websites in addition to the PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify scientific articles and institutional documents related to the national strategies of the three countries up until July 2020. The references included were mapped and narratively synthesized based on the pillars of the Monitoring and Evaluation Framework of the Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan defined by the World Health Organization. Of the 2765 records screened, 65 documents were included in the study. The analysis of these documents showed that Germany was the first country to implement mass screening of cases and that France was the first country to implement measures to impose general containment at the national level. It also showed that Tunisia was the only country to have imposed the confinement of passengers on repatriation flights in dedicated containment centers and at the expense of the state.

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