The evolutionary trends of grammatical gender in Indo-Aryan languages Article - Juillet 2020

Marc Allassonnière-Tang, Dunn Michael

Marc Allassonnière-Tang, Dunn Michael, « The evolutionary trends of grammatical gender in Indo-Aryan languages  », Language Dynamics and Change, juillet 2020, pp. 1-30. ISSN 2210-5824

Abstract

This paper infers the processes of development and change of grammatical gender in Indo-Aryan languages using phylogenetic comparative methods. 48 Indo-Aryan languages are coded based on 44 presence-absence features relating to gender marking on the verbs, adjectives, personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns, and possessive pronouns. A Bayesian Reverse Jump Hyper Prior analysis, which infers the evolutionary dynamics of changes between feature values, gives results that are consistent with historical linguistic and typological studies on gender systems in Indo-Aryan languages and predicts the evolutionary trends the features included in the dataset.

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