The PROSCOOP10 Gene Encodes Two Extracellular Hydroxylated Peptides and Impacts Flowering Time in Arabidopsis Article - Décembre 2022

Marie-Charlotte Guillou, Thierry Balliau, Emilie Vergne, Hervé Canut, Josiane Chourré, Claudia Herrera-León, Francisco Ramos-Martín, Masoud Ahmadi-Afzadi, Nicola D’amelio, Eric Ruelland, Michel Zivy, Jean-Pierre Renou, Elisabeth Jamet, Sébastien Aubourg

Marie-Charlotte Guillou, Thierry Balliau, Emilie Vergne, Hervé Canut, Josiane Chourré, Claudia Herrera-León, Francisco Ramos-Martín, Masoud Ahmadi-Afzadi, Nicola D’amelio, Eric Ruelland, Michel Zivy, Jean-Pierre Renou, Elisabeth Jamet, Sébastien Aubourg, « The PROSCOOP10 Gene Encodes Two Extracellular Hydroxylated Peptides and Impacts Flowering Time in Arabidopsis  », Plants, décembre 2022, p. 3554. ISSN 2223-7747

Abstract

The Arabidopsis PROSCOOP genes belong to a family predicted to encode secreted pro-peptides, which undergo maturation steps to produce peptides named SCOOP. Some of them are involved in defence signalling through their perception by a receptor complex including MIK2, BAK1 and BKK1. Here, we focused on the PROSCOOP10 gene, which is highly and constitutively expressed in aerial organs. The MS/MS analyses of leaf apoplastic fluids allowed the identification of two distinct peptides (named SCOOP10#1 and SCOOP10#2) covering two different regions of PROSCOOP10. They both possess the canonical S-X-S family motif and have hydroxylated prolines. This identification in apoplastic fluids confirms the biological reality of SCOOP peptides for the first time. NMR and molecular dynamics studies showed that the SCOOP10 peptides, although largely unstructured in solution, tend to assume a hairpin-like fold, exposing the two serine residues previously identified as essential for the peptide activity. Furthermore, PROSCOOP10 mutations led to an early-flowering phenotype and increased expression of the floral integrators SOC1 and LEAFY, consistent with the de-regulated transcription of PROSCOOP10 in several other mutants displaying early- or late-flowering phenotypes. These results suggest a role for PROSCOOP10 in flowering time, highlighting the functional diversity within the PROSCOOP family.

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