To keep or not to keep ? Sorting out leftovers from a refrigerator [Garder ou jeter ? Le tri des restes alimentaires dans un réfrigérateur] Article - 2021

Séverine Gojard, Marine Masson, David Blumenthal, Bérangère Véron

Séverine Gojard, Marine Masson, David Blumenthal, Bérangère Véron, « To keep or not to keep ? Sorting out leftovers from a refrigerator [Garder ou jeter ? Le tri des restes alimentaires dans un réfrigérateur]  », Appetite, 2021, p. 105312. ISSN 0195-6663

Abstract

Most literature on food waste shows that food that ends up in the garbage can is often no longer considered as enjoyable, or even as edible. In this paper, we decided to focus on assessments of whether leftover food is still considered as worth eating, to provide a better understanding of the production of domestic food waste. We constructed a pluridisciplinary approach, combining sensory analysis and sociology. The first part was conducted in a test kitchen under controlled conditions : 50 participants had to sort out and decide to keep or to throw away different types of refrigerated leftovers. The second part used in-depth interviews with half of these participants (N = 25) to explore their food habits and perceptions and handling of leftovers at home. The first section of the paper presents the theoretical framework of the study, which is grounded in practice theory. Then we detail the methodology and the results. We show that sorting out leftovers is a process mobilizing embodied knowledge and resulting from domestic practices implemented to avoid waste, such as storing or reusing leftovers. In the discussion, we analyze the sorting of refrigerated food products as a compound practice, situated at the intersection of provisioning, cooking, meal organization, and judgment of taste (Warde, 2013). Using this theoretical framework enables us to understand the heterogeneity observed in the outcome of the sorting process as the result of its weak degree of regulation. The sorting out practice is thus consistent with different modes of engagement such as food waste prevention, health maintenance, or providing enjoyable family meals. We conclude by providing suggestions of policy recommendations regarding domestic refrigeration, food storage, and assessment practices.

Voir la notice complète sur HAL

Actualités