TransCom model simulations of hourly atmospheric CO 2 : Experimental overview and diurnal cycle results for 2002 Article - Septembre 2008

R. Law, W. Peters, C. Rödenbeck, C. Aulagnier, I. Baker, D. Bergmann, P. Bousquet, J. Brandt, L. Bruhwiler, P. Cameron-Smith, J. Christensen, F. Delage, A. Denning, S. Fan, C. Geels, S. Houweling, R. Imasu, U. Karstens, S. Kawa, J. Kleist, M. Krol, S.-J. Lin, R. Lokupitiya, T. Maki, S. Maksyutov, Y. Niwa, R. Onishi, N. Parazoo, P. Patra, G. Pieterse, L. Rivier, M. Satoh, S. Serrar, S. Taguchi, M. Takigawa, R. Vautard, A. Vermeulen, Z. Zhu

R. Law, W. Peters, C. Rödenbeck, C. Aulagnier, I. Baker, D. Bergmann, P. Bousquet, J. Brandt, L. Bruhwiler, P. Cameron-Smith, J. Christensen, F. Delage, A. Denning, S. Fan, C. Geels, S. Houweling, R. Imasu, U. Karstens, S. Kawa, J. Kleist, M. Krol, S.-J. Lin, R. Lokupitiya, T. Maki, S. Maksyutov, Y. Niwa, R. Onishi, N. Parazoo, P. Patra, G. Pieterse, L. Rivier, M. Satoh, S. Serrar, S. Taguchi, M. Takigawa, R. Vautard, A. Vermeulen, Z. Zhu, « TransCom model simulations of hourly atmospheric CO 2 : Experimental overview and diurnal cycle results for 2002  », Global Biogeochemical Cycles, septembre 2008, n/a-n/a. ISSN 0886-6236

Abstract

A forward atmospheric transport modeling experiment has been coordinated by the TransCom group to investigate synoptic and diurnal variations in CO 2. Model simulations were run for biospheric, fossil, and air-sea exchange of CO 2 and for SF 6 and radon for 2000-2003. Twenty-five models or model variants participated in the comparison. Hourly concentration time series were submitted for 280 sites along with vertical profiles, fluxes, and meteorological variables at 100 sites. The submitted results have been analyzed for diurnal variations and are compared with observed CO 2 in 2002. Mean summer diurnal cycles vary widely in amplitude across models. The choice of sampling location and model level account for part of the spread suggesting that representation errors in these types of models are potentially large. Despite the model spread, most models simulate the relative variation in diurnal amplitude between sites reasonably well. The modeled diurnal amplitude only shows a weak relationship with vertical resolution across models ; differences in near-surface transport simulation appear to play a major role. Examples are also presented where there is evidence that the models show useful skill in simulating seasonal and synoptic changes in diurnal amplitude.

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