Tuning Magnetic Properties of a Carbon Nanotube-Lanthanide Hybrid Molecular Complex through Controlled Functionalization Article - Janvier 2021

Ibwanga S. Mosse, Venkateswara Rao Sodisetti, Christopher Coleman, Siphephile Ncube, Alvaro S. de Sousa, Rudolph M. Erasmus, Emmanuel Flahaut, Thomas Blon, Benjamin Lassagne, Tomas Šamořil, Somnath Bhattacharyya

Ibwanga S. Mosse, Venkateswara Rao Sodisetti, Christopher Coleman, Siphephile Ncube, Alvaro S. de Sousa, Rudolph M. Erasmus, Emmanuel Flahaut, Thomas Blon, Benjamin Lassagne, Tomas Šamořil, Somnath Bhattacharyya, « Tuning Magnetic Properties of a Carbon Nanotube-Lanthanide Hybrid Molecular Complex through Controlled Functionalization  », Molecules, janvier 2021, p. 563. ISSN 1420-3049

Abstract

Molecular magnets attached to carbon nanotubes (CNT) are being studied as potential candidates for developing spintronic and quantum technologies. However, the functionalization routes used to develop these hybrid systems can drastically affect their respective physiochemical properties. Due to the complexity of this systems, little work has been directed at establishing the correlation between the degree of functionalization and the magnetic character. Here, we demonstrate the chemical functionalization degree associated with molecular magnet loading can be utilized for controlled tuning the magnetic properties of a CNT-lanthanide hybrid complex. CNT functionalization degree was evaluated by interpreting minor Raman phonon modes in relation to the controlled reaction conditions. These findings were exploited in attaching a rare-earth-based molecular magnet (Gd-DTPA) to the CNTs. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and super conducting quantum interference device (SQUID) measurements were used to elucidate the variation of magnetic character across the samples. This controlled Gd-DTPA loading on the CNT surface has led to a significant change in the nanotube intrinsic diamagnetism, showing antiferromagnetic coupling with increase in the Weiss temperature with respect to increased loading. This indicates that synthesis of a highly correlated spin system for developing novel spintronic technologies can be realized through a carbon-based hybrid material.

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