Unveiling spin-flip processes in a neutral quantum dot using an anisotropic photonic structure Article - Mars 2022

Romain Fons, Saptarshi Kotal, Alberto Artioli, Joël Bleuse, Jean-Michel Gérard, Julien Claudon

Romain Fons, Saptarshi Kotal, Alberto Artioli, Joël Bleuse, Jean-Michel Gérard, Julien Claudon, « Unveiling spin-flip processes in a neutral quantum dot using an anisotropic photonic structure  », Physical Review B, mars 2022, p. 115308. ISSN 2469-9950

Abstract

We introduce a method to investigate excitonic spin flips in a neutral quantum dot (QD) that is driven nonresonantly. By inserting the QD in an anisotropic photonic structure, one creates an imbalance between the radiative decay rates of the two bright excitons. Direct spin flips between the bright excitons as well as indirect ones (via a dark exciton) mix the level populations and profoundly affect the degree of linear polarization of the excitonic emission. Measuring this quantity under continuous wave optical excitation yields the spin-flip rate over a broad range of excitation powers. Additional time-resolved experiments allow disentangling the contributions of bright-bright and dark-bright spin flips in the low-excitation regime. After providing theoretical background, we demonstrate the method on a self-assembled InAs QD embedded in a GaAs photonic wire featuring an elliptical cross section. For low-excitation power and at T = 5 K, bright-bright spin flips are much slower than dark-bright spin flips, which, in turn, remain much slower than the radiative decays. Upon increasing the temperature, we observe a superlinear increase in the bright-bright spin-flip rate which completely reverses the rate hierarchy above T = 50 K. Moreover, polarization measurements reveal a dramatic increase in the spin-flip rate with the pumping power. Our findings are relevant to spontaneous emission control by anisotropic photonic structures and to the spectral coherence of QD-based quantum light sources.

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